Training Ships

One of the ways that the Royal and merchant navy supplied their need for sailors were from the training ships that were dotted around the coast. This type of institution has now basically died out. There are only a handful still running, and none based on actual ships, but in their day these schools trained boys in everything that they would need to know for a life at sea, either as sailors or officers. They covered the entire range of social class from the exclusive officer training schools like Conway and Worcester, all the way to reformatories like Akbar and Clarence. Some were run by the Royal Navy itself, but most where independent organisations normally run on a charitable basis.

OFFICER CADET SHIPS & SHORE EST.

These were the most prestigious of all of the training ships. It was possible for anybody to rise from the ranks and become an officer in either the Royal or Merchant navies, but it was very difficult. It was especially difficult during the Victorian period, although reforming Admirals like 'Jackie' Fisher did attempt to change this.

ROYAL NAVY TRAINING

From the mid-Victorian period training for boy entrants to the Royal Navy was conducted on board a number of hulks around the coast. Boys remained on board these ships for a year before beginning their sea service. The first part of their training was spent on board the ship learning their basic training on the PartsOfAShip, Drill, Gunnery, PhysicalTraining and the like. They learned rowing, or Pulling as it was called, and sailing on small boats. In the later part of the time on board more time was spent on board a SailingTender and during the summer months they could be at sea for five days during a week. In addition to this they also received a basic schooling in the normal school subjects of the time.

H.M.S. BLACK PRINCE

QUEENSTOWN

H.M.S. BOSCAWEN

PORTLAND

H.M.S. BRITON

INVERNESS

H.M.S. CALEDONIA

FORTH, SCOTLAND

H.M.S. CASTOR

NORTH SHIELDS

H.M.S. FISGARD

PORTSMOUTH

H.M.S. GANGES

FALMOUTH / SHOTLEY

H.M.S. IMPLACABLE

DEVONPORT

H.M.S. IMPREGNABLE

DEVONPORT

H.M.S. LION

DEVONPORT

HMS ROYAL ARTHUR

H.M.S. ST GEORGE

ISLE OF MAN

H.M.S. ST VINCENT

GOSPORT

H.M.S. RALEIGH

DEVONPORT

H.M.S. DUKE

MALVERN

H.M.S. UNICORN

DUNDEE

ROYAL NAVY VOLUNTEER RESERVE DRILL SHIPS

HMS CALLIOPE

NORTH SHIELDS

HMS CAROLINE

BELFAST

HMS CARRICK

GREENNOCK

HMS CLAVERHOUSE

LEITH

HMS DAEDALUS

BRISTOL

HMS FLYING FOX

BRISTOL

HMS EAGLET

LIVERPOOL

HMS FLYING FOX

BRISTOL

HMS IRWELL

BIRKENHEAD

HMS PRESIDENT

LONDON

HMS UNICORN

DUNDEE

Up until invention of accurate marine chronometers navigation at sea had been as much an art as a science. As time went on this changed, and as time went on and the amount of trade going by sea increased it became important for ship owners that the officers in charge of their ships knew navigation. During the victorian period acts of parliament were put in place that forced Mates and Masters to pass exams set by the Board of Trade to show that they had at least a minimum knowledge of their trade. To cater for sailors wanting to pass their exams navigation schools sprang up to tutor them.

SEA TRAINING INSTITUTIONS

These institutions tended to offer shorter courses of just a few months to prepare a school leaver for beginning at career at sea.

SCHOOL SHIPS

In addition to the Royal Navy's own training schemes there were many schools that offered nautical training. These varied from #NauticalSchools that were set up to get people through their exams for their Mate's or Master's certificates after a few months of study, to those that operated as an #Orphanages for boy's from nautical backgrounds. There were also Reformatoryships, like Akbar and Clarence, for boy's that had in some way run foul of the law. Anybody coming out of one of these could not join the Royal Navy as during the Victorian period any kind of criminal record disqualified you from ever serving on the Queen's ships though they could still join the Merchant Navy. There were also the #IndustrialTrainingShips like TSMars, TSClio and TSMountEdgcumbe. These were not reformatories, though they generally had reputations as "naughty boys ships", but stood somewhere between the Workhouse and a modern care home as the inmates generally ended up there when either their parents could not afford to keep them or they were sent by a magistrate because it was believed, by the standards of the day, to be better for them than their life at home. Then there were the school ships either for sailors, such as TSMercury, or officers like Conway and Worcester. Should an eligible boy join the Royal Navy for any of these types of establishments and on joining it was found they were already sufficiently trained that they could be sent strait to a ship rather than needing extra basic training then the establishment would receive a bounty, money that came in handy as they were all independently run and generally in need of funds.

ORPHANAGES

Some of the training ships were set up to help orphans. Providing them with both food and a roof over their heads to deal with their immediate needs, but also to provide them with training for a career after they left. Typically these were run by charitable institutions, either Banardo's or institutions set up specifically for the ships.

CHRIST'S HOSPITAL

LONDON

BRITISH SEAMAN'S BOY'S HOME

BRIXHAM

INDEFATIGABLE

ROCK FERRY, MERSEY

JAMES ARTHUR

GLASGOW

JOSEPH HERTZ

GRAYS

ROYAL HOSPITAL SCHOOL

GREENWICH&HOLBROOK

ROYAL LIVERPOOL SEAMANS ORPHANAGE

LIVERPOOL/CHESHIRE

ROYAL MERCHANT NAVY SCHOOL

BEARWOOD

ROYAL NAVAL ASYLUM

London

RUSSELL COTES NAUTICAL TRAINING SCHOOL

PARKSTONE, DORSET

PARKSTONE SEA TRAINING SCHOOL

PARKSTONE, DORSET

WATTS NAVAL T.S. (DR BARNADO'S)

ELMHAM, NORFOLK

INDUSTRIAL TRAINING SHIPS & WORKHOUSES

The Workhouses and Industrial Training Ships were part of the Victorian's answer to the problem of helping the poor and destitute. Training ships were used for both types of institutions, and for the same purpose: to give the boy's sent their the prospect of a better life. These were not #Reformatories, and boys that went to them did not have criminal records and so were able to join the Royal Navy later if that was the career that they chose. In both cases they were mainly supported by a mixture of charity and the Poor Rates leveed by the local authorities, and in both cases life on board could be hard.

The Workhouse ships were simply for people that could not afford to look after their children any more. The parent signed the child over to the workhouse which then looked after them until they were old enough to look after themselves.

The industrial training ships were different in that they were for boys that looked like they were going to stray from the victorian idea of respectable life. Boys could be sent to them by their families, but most ended up on board after being sent for their own good by a magistrate. The reasons could be that they were living in the house of a known prostitute, they were found wandering and destitute, or in some other way their home life childhood was deemed unsuitable. They could not be sent if they had a criminal record. For this reason the Industrial Training Ships often became known as "naughty boys ships" which local parents would threaten their offspring with.

CLIO

BANGOR

CUMBERLAND (EMPRESS)

GARELOCH

DIANA

TYNE

ENDEAVOUR (FELTHAM)

FELTHAM

EXMOUTH

GRAYS

FORMIDABLE NATIONAL NAUTICAL SCHOOL

PORTISHEAD

GOLIATH

GRAYS

GRAMPIAN

BELFAST

HAVANNAH

CARDIFF

MARS

DUNDEE

MOUNT EDGCUMBE

SALTASH-PLYMOUTH

SOUTHAMPTON

HULL

WELLESLEY

TYNEMOUTH

REFORMATORIES & APPROVED SCHOOLS

The life at sea was always hard and dangerous. For this reason all of the training institutions needed to instil discipline into their trainees so that they would be ready for this life. This hard discipline was considered a good thing by Victorian society for bringing young offenders back into line with society, as well as giving them skills to be able to lead a law abiding life, so a number of naval reformatories were set up. During the 1930s the reformatory system was replaced by the Approved School system with several of the old nautical reformatory institutions becoming Approved Schools, as well as several more nautical Approved Schools being set up.

AKBAR NAUTICAL SCHOOL

HESWELL

AKBAR

ROCK FERRY MERSEY

CLARENCE

MERSEY

ST. AIDAN'S NAUTICAL SCHOOL-(EX-CLARENCE)

FARNWORTH, WIGAN

CORNWALL

GRAYS

GIBBS TRAINING SCHOOL

PENARTH

ST. SWITHANS NAUTICAL

YARMOUTH . I.O.W.

WELLESLEY NAUTICAL (EX-WELLESLEY)

BLYTH

TrainingShips (last edited 2014-01-23 22:24:18 by chrisbunker)